Chandigarh, Health

Causes, symptoms and treatment of Coronary artery disease

Plaque accumulation in the coronary arteries and other arteries that provide blood to the heart and other parts of the body leads to coronary artery disease. As a result of the calcium and cholesterol deposits that cause plaque development in the arteries, atherosclerosis can also result in the arteries being more constricted over time.

CAD causes include: Sedentary behaviour can increase your risk of developing CAD. Yes, what you just heard is true! You’ll be surprised to learn that some variables, like obesity, sedentary lifestyles, unhealthy eating patterns, and smoking, might increase the risk of CAD. Additionally, persons with a family history of heart disease have a higher risk of developing CAD. Known risk factors include high blood pressure, uncontrolled diabetes, and high cholesterol.

Coronary artery disease symptoms include: When a person has coronary artery disease, they frequently have angina, or chest pain and discomfort. Right beneath the breastbone in the centre of the chest, there may be pain in the left shoulder or even the jaw. Usually, this occurs after some period of walking. Other symptoms include nausea, sweating, difficulty breathing, and even lightheadedness. Heart attacks can result from CAD if it is not treated in a timely manner.

Diagnosis advice: Recognizing symptoms and promptly seeking medical help are the first steps. To determine whether you have coronary artery disease, your treating physician may ask you to undergo an exercise stress test, echocardiogram, or ECG.

Treatment: There are three different forms of treatment for coronary artery disease:

1) Medications and lifestyle adjustments

2) Arthroplasty

3) Vasectomy

The best course of treatment is chosen based on the severity and quantity of blocks in your angiography report.

After recovering from coronary artery disease, here are some tips to maintain your health:

Along with routine medication and follow-up examinations, lifestyle change is a crucial component. Your ability to control your blood pressure, blood sugar, and cholesterol levels will most strongly influence how well you recover from bypass surgery. One will need to follow a diet that is well-balanced. Consume a diet that is well-balanced and contains all the essential components. Eat as much fresh produce as you can, along with whole grains, lentils, and pulses. Avoid canned, greasy, spicy, and junk food. Quit smoking, don’t be stressed, work out every day, and keep your weight at a healthy level.

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