Kerala has been taking all necessary precautions to prevent the spread of the virus as it has been on the rise. The virus, which has a high fatality rate but is less contagious, has so far claimed the lives of two people and infected at least five more. According to the WHO, the Nipah virus may be deadly in 40 to 75 percent of cases. The term “Nipah” refers to a Malaysian village where the initial epidemic was reported in 1998–1999; the virus it causes has a high fatality rate. While the Nipah virus first causes moderate symptoms including headache, muscle soreness, exhaustion, and nausea, when it begins to disrupt brain function, it may proceed to mental disorientation, seizures, and encephalitis.
Signs of the Nipah virus
The initial signs and symptoms of the Nipah virus are fever, headache, disorientation, myalgia, vomiting, and loose stools. This could develop into encephalitis and convulsions related to the brain. Respiratory involvement could also be the cause of respiratory failure.
1. Temperature: A high temperature is a common symptom of nipah virus infection.
2. Headache: One typical early symptom is headaches.
3. Muscle pain: Aches and pains in the muscles, similar to flu-like symptoms, may occur.
4. Fatigue: Extreme tiredness and weakness may be evident.
5. Nausea: Many people feel nausea, which occasionally comes on with vomiting.
6. Lightheadedness or dizziness: Some people may experience this.
7. Mental confusion: Confusion and disorientation may occur as the illness worsens.
8. Seizures: People who suffer from neurological problems may experience seizures in severe circumstances.
9. Respiratory symptoms: In extreme cases, respiratory discomfort, including breathing difficulties, might ensue.
10. Coma: In the most serious circumstances, people may become unconscious.