Chandigarh, Health

Prostate cancer: Causes and prevention tips

Around four lakh men lose their lives to the disease each year owing to prostate cancer, which is the most common cancer among elderly men between the ages of 65 and 70. Prostate cancer is thought to affect one in four to five men over the age of 70, therefore the incidence is constantly increasing. However, with better detection techniques and increased awareness, early stage diseases are found more frequently than late stage diseases.

As a result, prostate cancer has a very low mortality rate and a 98% 10-year survival rate. Men’s longer life expectancies have contributed to a rise in prostate cancer cases in the neighborhood.

Causes:

Due to significant hormonal changes in the body after the age of 70, prostate cancer is quite prevalent. Dihydrotestosterone’s appearance in the body is a major early indicator of prostate cancer progression. Due to increased incidences of benign hypertrophy, or prostate that later becomes recognized as cancer, as well as screening and other methods that are being used, patients with prostate cancer today are also more likely to get detected early due to their advanced age. As a result, some rates or outcomes are far better, with the bulk of the population surviving for long periods of time.

Prevention Advice

Here are a few preventative measures:

1. A healthy way of life
2. Consistent exercise, such as 20 minutes every day, five days per week
3. Prevent Obesity
4. Keep your BMI steady
5. Fruits and vegetable-rich diets
6. Antioxidant-rich diets
7. Dietary calcium and dairy product content are declining.
8. Stay away from processed and red meats in your diet.
9. According to some research, aspirin and medications that suppress the 5 alpha reductase enzyme may lower the risk of prostate cancer and its mortality. However, as of right present, the FDA does not recommend them.
10. Recognizing early signs of a prostate-related issue can alert you. Frequent micturition, incomplete voiding, and nocturia are among symptoms that may indicate prostate-related issues.
11. The risk of prostate cancer in the next generation increases by at least ten years if there is a family history of the disease. Knowing your genetic vulnerability may require you to be more vigilant as you age.
12. For a better knowledge of prostate cancer, new genetic investigations are currently being conducted. The examination of mutations through BRCA and HRR testing is now advised for patients with prostate cancer.

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